NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.
Sources Used in Current Review
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Heart Failure. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000158.htm . Accessed October 2008.
eMedicineHealth.com: Congestive Heart Failure. Available online at http://www.emedicinehealth.com/congestive_heart_failure/page5_em.htm#Exams%20and%20Tests through http://www.emedicinehealth.com. Accessed October 2008.
MayoClinic.com: Heart failure: Symptoms. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-failure/DS00061/DSECTION=symptoms through http://www.mayoclinic.com.
Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Procedures, Correlations. Bishop M, Duben-Engelkirk J, Fody E, eds. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.
Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, and Correlations. Kaplan L, Pesce A, eds. 2nd ed. St. Louis: The C. V. Mosby Company; 1989.